ulster loyalist

Since then, most paramilitary violence has been directed at their “own” communities and at other factions within their organisations. The group also carried out attacks in the Republic of Ireland from onward. It emerged in Ulster loyalism Irish unionism Protestant extremism [1] Anti-Catholicism. Sutton Index of Deaths — crosstabulations”. Retrieved 17 March It lost a council seat in the local elections and saw its support reduce.

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Nationalists point to a number of events in these years to explain the upsurge in violence. Despite a temporary ceasefire in and talks with British officials, the Provisionals were determined to continue their campaign until the achievement of a united Ireland.

Ulster Democratic Party – Wikipedia

Although the group expressed a willingness ulstre move from criminal activity to “community development,” the IMC said it saw little evidence of this move because of the views of its members and the lack of coherence in the group’s leadership as a result of its decentralised structure.

On 8 Maydevolved government returned to Northern Ireland. With a few exceptions, such as Mid-Ulster brigadier Billy Hanna a native of Lurganthe Brigade Staff members have been from the Shankill Road or the neighbouring Woodvale area to the west. Royal Irish Rangers roll of honourroyalirishrangers.

When the Provisional IRA’s December ceasefire had ended in early and it had returned to violence, it had lost the hope that it had felt in the early s that it could force a rapid British withdrawal from Northern Ireland, and instead developed a strategy known as the “Long War”, which involved ooyalist less intense but more sustained campaign of violence that could continue ulste. It was responsible for more than deaths.


The UDA’s six “brigade areas” were:. Retrieved 7 September They shot John Scullion, a Catholic civilian, as he walked home. Retrieved 25 May In early Januarythe UDA released a document calling for ethnic cleansing and repartitionwith the goal of making Northern Ireland wholly Protestant. The Stevens Inquiries found that elements of the security forces had used loyalists as “proxies”, [] who, via, double-agents and informers, had helped loyalist groups to kill targeted individuals, usually suspected republicans but civilians were also killed, intentionally and otherwise.

Up off their knees: Northern Ireland peace process. He was sentenced to 19 years in prison. Republic of Ireland topics Northern Ireland topics. Gray and John Gregg are amongst those to have been killed during the internal strife. Retrieved 11 December lohalist After the early s, there were occasional incidents of sectarian unrest in Northern Ireland. Until recent years, [9] it was noted for secrecy and a policy of limited, selective membership.

Ulster loyalism Irish unionism Protestant extremism [1] Anti-Catholicism. Unionism is an ideology that in Ulster has been divided by some into two camps; Ulster Britishwho loyalizt attached to the United Kingdom and identify primarily as British; and Ulster loyalistswhose politics are primarily ethnic, prioritising their Ulster Protestantism above their British identity.

Ulster Democratic Party

The Irish Experience of Partition”. The two sides’ positions became strictly defined following this period. They used sub machine-gunsassault riflespistolsgrenades including homemade grenadesincendiary bombsbooby trap bombs and car bombs. Retrieved 1 September Retrieved 4 October However, the year leading up to the loyalist ceasefire, which took place shortly after the Provisional IRA ceasefire, saw some of the worst sectarian killings carried out by loyalists during the Troubles.


Ulster Defence Association – Wikipedia

The government of Northern Ireland passed the Special Powers Act ingiving sweeping powers to the government and police to intern suspects without trial and to administer corporal punishment such as ulstef to re-establish or preserve law and order. Studies in Conflict and Terrorism. Despite the British government’s attempt to do “nothing that would suggest partiality to one section of the community” and the improvement of the relationship between the Logalist and the local population following the Army assistance with flood relief in Augustthe Falls Curfew and a situation loyaliet was described at the time as “an inflamed sectarian one, which is being deliberately exploited by the IRA and other extremists” meant that relations between the Catholic population and the British Army rapidly deteriorated.

A very short introduction. Webarchive template wayback links Loyalidt maint: Articles containing Irish-language text Use Irish English from March All Wikipedia articles written in Irish English Articles with short description Use dmy dates from March Articles using infobox ethnic group with image parameters Articles to be expanded from October All articles to be expanded Articles using small message boxes.

Thousands of families, mostly Catholics, were forced to flee their homes and refugee camps were set up in the Republic of Ireland.

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